The perineum corresponds to the outlet of the pelvis.
Its deep boundaries are:
- in front, the pubic arch and the arcuate ligament of the pubis;
- behind, the tip of the coccyx; and on either side the inferior rami of the pubis and ischium, and the sacrotuberous ligament.
The space is somewhat lozenge-shaped and is limited on the surface of the body by the scrotum in front, by the buttocks behind, and laterally by the medial side of the thigh. A line drawn transversely across in front of the ischial tuberosities divides the space into two portions. The posterior contains the termination of the anal canal and is known as the anal region; the anterior, which contains the external urogenital organs, is termed the urogenital region.
The muscles of the perineum may therefore be divided into two groups:
- Those of the anal region.
- Those of the urogenital region: these muscles are different in males and in females.